Makhana is an aquatic crop. It is cultivated in ponds and lakes. But now it can be successfully cultivated in paddy fields also. It is cultivated by sowing of seeds. Due to the increasing demand in the national and international markets, Makhana is cultivated as a cash crop. If you also want to do the cultivation of Makhana, then to get a good crop, get information about manure and fertilizer management and weed control from here.
Manure and Fertilizer Management in Makhana Crop
The farmers cultivating Makhana by traditional method did not use much manure and fertilizers. However, according to the suitable environment, the need for fertilizers and fertilizers is also less when cultivated in the pond.
There should be a soil layer of 50 to 60 cm in the pond.
After this, keep the water level from 1 to 1.5 meters.
To ensure good yield, apply dung manure and green manure in the ratio of 3:1 in the pond.
To get good yield, 40 kg of nitrogen, 24 kg of sphur and 16 kg of potash should be mixed per acre area.
To supplement the nutrients, mix 6 tonnes of cow dung per acre of land.
Keep these things in mind in the cultivation of Makhana
The temperature starts rising rapidly in April-May. With the increase in temperature, the growth of plants also increases at a faster rate. In such a situation, when the old leaves of the plants get rotten, cut them out and take them out of the pond. With this, the growth of Makhana plants will be good, as well as the number of fruits and flowers in the plants will also increase.
Spraying of fungicides and insecticides should be done in the pond if the infestation of fungi and insects is seen.
Weed control in makhana crop
In the early days, more weeds come out in the makhana crop.
The growth of weeds hinders the growth of plants. So keep removing the weeds at regular intervals.
Regular cleaning of the pond is necessary to control weeds.
After 30-40 days of transplanting, the leaves start growing rapidly and the growth of weeds slows down.
If makhana has been planted in the paddy field, then weed control can be done by weeding.
Get information about control of pests that damage Makhana crop from here.
We hope this information will prove to be important for you. If you liked this information, then like this post and also share it with other farmers. So that more and more farmer friends can take advantage of this information and get better yield of Makhana. Ask us your questions related to this through comments.
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