Petha is popular with many names like Kumhda, White Pumpkin, White Pumpkin, etc. Petha is one of the vegetables that gives more production at less cost. Vegetables are made from its raw fruits. The ripe fruits are used to make sweets. If you want to do petha cultivation, then get the right time for its cultivation, suitable soil and climate, method of preparation of the field, irrigation and weed control, etc. information from here.
Suitable time for cultivation of Petha
Petha is cultivated in both summer and rainy season.
For summer crop, sowing of seeds should be done from end of February to mid-March.
The sowing of seeds for the rainy season crop is done from the last week of June to the middle of July.
In hilly areas it is sown after the month of March.
Suitable soil and climate
For good yields, fertile land with proper drainage is required.
Heavy loamy soils are suitable for summer cultivars.
On the other hand, sandy loamy loam soil is suitable for farmers cultivating in Zayed.
pH of soil The level should be 6 to 8.
Its cultivation requires a tropical climate.
The temperature of about 15 degree centigrade is required for the seed to germinate.
A temperature of around 30 to 40 degree centigrade is better for good growth of plants.
Seed quantity and method of seed treatment
2.4 to 3.2 kg of seed is required per acre of field.
Before sowing, treat seed with Thiram @ 2 gm per kg of seed.
In addition to thiram, the seed can also be treated with carbendazim.
farm preparation method
First, do one deep ploughing with a soil turning plow. This will destroy the weeds and crop residues already present in the field.
After this, do light plowing 2 to 3 times.
At the time of plowing, mix 16 quintals of rotted cow dung, 8 kg of neem cake and 12 kg of castor cake per acre of land.
After plowing for cultivation in the summer season, run water in the field and make it plowed.
After 3-4 days of plowing, when the top layer of soil starts drying slightly, then after plowing the field once and plowing it.
After that prepare the beds in the field. Keep a distance of 3 to 4 meters between all the beds.
Sow the seed at a distance of 1 to 1.5 feet and a depth of 2 to 3 cm.
Irrigation and Weed Control
Irrigation is not required when it rains.
Irrigate at intervals of 2 to 3 days during summer season.
Irrigation is necessary at the time of flowering and fruit formation in the vines. Due to lack of moisture at this time, the yield decreases.
To control weeds, do the first weeding after 20 to 25 days.
After this, keep weeding and hoeing at an interval of 15 days after pat or weeds emerge.
Fruit harvesting and production
To make vegetables, harvest it when the crops increase in size and before the fruits are ripe.
Harvest the fruits after ripening to make sweets.
The yield varies from 120 to 240 quintals per acre of land, depending on the variety.
See the method of preparing the field for pumpkin category vegetables from here.
We hope this information will prove to be important for you. If you liked this information, then like this post and also share it with other farmers. So that other farmer friends can also get high quality crop by cultivating Petha. Ask us your questions related to petha cultivation through comments.
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