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how to cultivate arabica

how to cultivate arabica

लेखक - Dr. Pramod Murari | 17/7/2020

Its leaves are also used along with the tubers of Arabica, so farmers get a lot of benefit from its cultivation. The tubers of Arabica are used for vegetable , pickle etc. At the same time, pakodas and greens are made from its leaves. If you want to cultivate Arabic, then you can get information related to its cultivation from here.

soil and climate

  • Hot and moist climate is required for better crop of arbi.

  • The temperature of 21 to 27 degree Celsius is best for its cultivation.

  • Extremely hot and dry weather adversely affects the yield.

  • Sandy loam soil is considered best for its cultivation.

  • The pH level of the soil should be between 5.5 to 7.0.

Planting time and seed treatment

  • Arabica is transplanted from June to July.

  • In North India, transplant it in February-March month.

  • Before transplanting, 5 grams per kg of tubers should be treated by dipping it in Ridomil MZ-72 for 10 to 15 minutes.

Field preparation and planting method

  • First of all, do deep plowing in the field one after the other with a soil turning plow.

  • After this, make the soil of the field fine by doing light plowing 3 to 4 times.

  • Make beds 10 cm high from the ground surface. Keep a distance of 60 cm between all the beds.

  • Plant the tubers at a distance of 45 cm on the beds and 5 cm in depth.

manures and fertilizers

  • While preparing the field, mix 40 to 60 quintals of decomposed cow dung per acre of land.

  • Mix 16 kg of Nitrogen, 25 kg of Phosphorous and 25 kg of Potash per acre of land.

  • Spray 16 kg of nitrogen in the standing crop.

Irrigation and Weed Control

  • Irrigate at every 7 to 10 days interval for 5 months after transplanting.

  • If there is no rain, apply irrigation at 15 days interval.

  • Weeds can be easily controlled through weeding.

cutting and digging

  • It takes 150 to 225 days for the crop to become ready depending on the variety.

  • The leaves can be harvested about 40-50 days after transplanting the tubers.

  • The leaves become small in size and turn yellow and dry up, then it should be excavated.

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