Barley is cultivated in Rabi season. It is mainly cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. About 16 lakh tonnes of barley is produced in India every year. Fiber-rich barley is mainly used as animal feed. Read this post completely for many information like suitable soil, climate, field preparation, amount of manure and fertilizer, irrigation, etc. for the cultivation of barley.
soil and climate
It can be cultivated in sandy, sandy loam, alkaline and saline soil.
Loamy soil is best for the cultivation of barley.
If cultivated in a temperate climate, it will be able to get good yields.
The temperature at the time of sowing should be 25 to 30 degree centigrade.
It is generally cultivated in unirrigated areas.
For timely sowing, 40 kg seed is required per acre of field.
If you are doing late sowing, increase the seed quantity by 15 to 20 percent.
Field preparation and amount of fertilizer
To make the field free from weeds, do one deep plowing.
After this, do light plowing 3 to 4 times.
While preparing the field add 7 to 10 tonnes of cow dung or compost manure
Be sure to plant a pad after plowing. This will make the soil of the field friable and level.
Make good drainage system in the field.
In irrigated areas, 24 kg of nitrogen, 16 kg of phosphorus and 12 kg of potash are required.
While preparing the field in irrigated areas, mix the full dose of phosphorus and potash equally with half the amount of nitrogen. Use the remaining nitrogen with the first irrigation.
In unirrigated areas, 16 kg nitrogen, 16 kg phosphorus and 12 kg potash should be mixed in the field while preparing the field.
Irrigation and Weed Control
Barley crop requires a total of 4 to 5 irrigations.
First irrigation should be given at the time of root development of plants i.e. 25 to 30 days after sowing.
Give second irrigation 40 to 45 days after sowing.
Third irrigation should be done at the time of flowering of plants.
Fourth irrigation should be given at the time of milk formation in the grains.
To control weeds, keep weeding and hoeing at intervals of some time.
harvesting and production
When the earrings start turning yellow or brown, then it should be harvested.
Earrings start falling due to delay in harvesting.
After harvesting, dry the crop thoroughly and separate the grains.
14 to 20 quintal grains can be obtained per acre of land.
About 20 to 30 quintals of straw is obtained from the field per acre.
Click here to know how green manure cultivation can increase the fertilizer power of the field.
Keeping in mind the things mentioned in this post, you will be able to get good yields by cultivating barley. If you liked this information, then like this post and also share it with other farmers. Feel free to ask your questions related to us through comments.
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