Both the color and shape of kidney beans are like kidney, hence it is called kidney bean in English. It is used as a vegetable and pulse. Many types of nutrients are found in its grains like protein , carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron etc. It is cultivated as a cash crop because it is sold at a higher price in the market.
soil and climate
Sandy loam and sandy clay soil are good for its cultivation.
It should not be cultivated in saline and alkaline soils.
Rajma plants are sensitive to cold and water logging.
If the temperature exceeds 30 degree centigrade, the problem of flower drop starts.
Its flowers, pods and branches are adversely affected even in extreme cold.
Deep ploughing is done once with earth turning plow.
After this, do light plowing 2 to 3 times.
After plowing, make the field level by putting a pad in the field.
At the time of last tillage, add 2 to 2.8 tonnes of cow dung or compost manure per acre of land.
Fertilizer and weed control
Apply 20 kg nitrogen, 24 kg phosphate, 8 kg potash and 8 kg zinc per acre of field.
Spray 20 kg of nitrogen in the standing crop.
Weeds can be easily controlled through weeding.
Immediately after sowing, spraying of Pendimethalin @ 400 grams per acre of land in 240 liters of water controls weeds.
irrigation and harvesting
Irrigate every 25 days.
Do not allow water logging in the field.
It takes 120 to 130 days for the crop to become ready.
After harvesting, dry the crop in the sun for 3-4 days.
When the moisture remains 9-10 percent, separate the grains.
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