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Maize harvesting and storage

Maize harvesting and storage

लेखक - Surendra Kumar Chaudhari | 3/6/2020

Maize is a major food crop of the coarse cereals category. Once the maize crop is ready, harvesting and storing it is the most important thing. Through this post, you can get information about the things to keep in mind while harvesting and storing maize.


  • Some varieties of maize mature quickly. However, some varieties take longer to prepare.

  • If harvesting is delayed, the sweetness of maize decreases.

  • Night time and morning time are most suitable for harvesting.

  • The fodder crop becomes ready about 60 to 65 days after sowing.

  • Indigenous varieties of maize take about 75 to 85 days to mature.

  • Hybrid and cluster varieties are ready for harvesting in 90 to 115 days.

  • When the moisture content of maize crop is about 25 percent and the color of the grains becomes yellow, then it should be harvested.

  • The best time to harvest maize is when the leaves covering it along with the grains also start turning yellow.

  • It is harvested in two stages. In the first harvesting, the plants are harvested from the field. Then in the second harvesting, the maize is cut from the plants and separated.

  • Its threshing is the most important work after harvesting.

  • Thresher can also be done when cellar is not available.

  • There is no need to remove the leaves covering the maize for threshing.


  • It is very important to dry the grains thoroughly in the sun before storing maize.

  • The grains should have about 12 percent moisture before storage.

  • To protect maize from various pests, apply 3 gm Kwikfas tablet per quintal of grains.

  • After binding the tablet of Kwikfas in a thin cloth, pour it into the granules and close the lid of the drum.

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