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Maintain the fertility of the field by adopting crop rotation

Maintain the fertility of the field by adopting crop rotation

लेखक - Lohit Baisla | 29/8/2020

The process of cultivating different crops at a specified area and time is called crop rotation. Crop circle is called crop rotation, crop cycles and crop rotation. It has many advantages. There are also some rules of crop rotation. By adopting these rules, the fertility of the soil of the field can be increased. Through this post, we will learn about the benefits of crop rotation and its rules.

advantages of crop rotation

  • The chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil can be improved by adopting crop rotation.

  • With this method of cultivation, the amount of organic matter in the soil increases.

  • Crop rotation plays an important role in increasing the fertility of the soil.

  • By adopting intensive crop rotation, the amount of biomass in the soil increases.

  • With proper crop rotation, many diseases and pests growing in the soil are controlled.

  • In addition, the problem of weeds is reduced.

  • The water holding capacity of the soil increases.

  • Toxins do not accumulate in the soil of the field.

  • Soil structure improves.

rules of crop rotation

Farmers friends, while selecting different types of crops in the crop circle, it is necessary to pay attention to the following points :

Cultivation of food crops after pulses

  • Pulses and pulses have different nutritional requirements. Small amount of nitrogen and high amount of phosphorus are required in pulse crops. In contrast, the requirement of nitrogen in food crops is more than that of phosphorus. Therefore, after the pulse crops, the food crops should be cultivated. For example, after tur , moong, gram, urad, after the crop of jowar and after the crop of peas, paddy should be cultivated.

Cultivation of crops requiring more manure followed by crops requiring less manure

  • Crops requiring more manure should be followed by crops requiring less manure. Due to this the remaining manure of the first crop is used for the second crop. A lot of nutrients are supplied by farming. For example, cultivate onion after potato crop or moong after potato crop.

Cultivation of crops requiring more irrigation followed by crops requiring less irrigation

  • Crops that require more water should be followed by crops that require less water. Cultivation of crops requiring continuous irrigation in the field increases the water level of the soil. This hinders the development of plant roots. Therefore, cultivate crops requiring contrast irrigation. Eg : After paddy crop, cultivate gram crop.

Cultivation of densely sown or transplanted crops after distant row crops

  • Densely planted crops reduce soil erosion and distance planted crops cause more soil erosion. Cultivate densely sown crops after distantly planted crops to improve soil structure.

some other rules

  • Cultivate crops that require more weeding followed by crops that require less weeding.

  • Cultivate shallow root crops followed by deep root crops. Due to which the fertility of the soil remains stable.

  • Do not plant crops affected by the same diseases in the same field continuously.

  • Cultivate green manure crops in Kharif after crop rotation of 2-3 years.

  • Include oilseed crops in the crop rotation.

  • Keep the field vacant once in 2-3 year crop rotation.

Now you know what are the benefits of adopting crop rotation. You should also adopt crop rotation and increase the fertility of your field. If you found this information necessary, then like this post and share it with other farmer friends, ask us your questions related to it through comments.

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