Potato is one of the most important crops. Apart from Kerala and Tamil Nadu, potato is cultivated all over India. To get a good crop of potato, it is necessary for the farmers to know about its sowing, irrigation, digging etc.
For potato cultivation, loamy loamy soil containing biomass is best.
Select fields with good drainage for its cultivation.
Take special care that the seeds used for sowing are disease free.
Improved varieties of seeds free from disease and infection give good yield of potato.
The best time for sowing is from the last week of September to the third week of October.
At the time of last plowing of the field before sowing, 35 kg urea, 80-90 kg DAP and 60 kg potash per acre should be used.
Mixed farming can also be done by planting a crop like wheat between two rows of potatoes.
Seed tubers must be treated before sowing.
First irrigation should be given one week after sowing.
For weed control, 200 g Metribuzin 70% WP or Pendimethalin 30% EC at the rate of 400-500 ml per acre should be used for weed control before seed germination.
Irrigation should be done at an interval of about 8 to 10 days after the first irrigation.
There is a lot of cold on its crop. Due to the wetness of the soil, the effect of cold is less, so it should be irrigated when the cold increases.
Irrigation should be stopped about two weeks before digging.
When the leaves of the plants start turning yellow, it should be excavated.
The yield of potatoes depends on their different varieties.
About 300 to 350 quintals of potato can be obtained from normal varieties and about 350 to 600 quintals of hybrid varieties from per hectare of land.
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