Green manure has an important place in agriculture. These days, due to the use of chemical fertilizers and various pesticides, the fertilizer capacity of the soil is decreasing day by day. In such a situation, the use of green manure is a good option for the farmers. Through this post you can get more information about green manure.
What is green manure?
Green manures are such auxiliary crops which are cultivated to increase the nutrients of the soil and to supply organic matter in it.
benefits of green manure
The use of green manure increases the fertilizer capacity and nutrients of the soil.
Its use increases productivity and does not cause any damage to the soil.
Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, iron etc. are also supplied by the use of green manure in the field.
Its use also reduces weeds.
This encourages the activities of micro-organisms.
The water holding capacity of the soil increases.
Its use makes the soil soft, due to which the spread of the roots of the main crop is good.
The chances of getting soil borne diseases are reduced.
Farmers get more benefit from the low cost and use of green manure in cultivation.
High quality crops are obtained even without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Land pollution is less.
When to cultivate green manure?
It can be cultivated in all seasons Rabi, Kharif and Zaid.
If you want to cultivate green manure in Kharif season then do it after harvesting of Rabi crops and before sowing of Kharif crops.
On the other hand, if you want to cultivate it in Rabi season, then cultivate it when the field is empty after harvesting Kharif crops.
green manure crops
Kharif Season Crops: Napier Grass, Cowpea, Moong, Urad, Sunai, Guar, Jowar, Dhencha, Maize, Bajra, Kulthi
Rabi season crops: berseem, sanji, peas, gram, barley, mustard, lentils, rijka, napier grass
Zaid season crops: Sunai, Dhencha, Napier grass, Moong, Urad, Jowar
how to use
Crops cultivated for green manure are buried in the soil at a green stage before the crops flower and bear fruit.
You can mix the crops into the soil with the help of an overturning plow or a harrow.
While plowing the field, keep in mind that the plowing should be done in the same direction in which the plants have been dropped.
After this, fill 4 - 5 cm of water in the field for 8 to 10 days. This does not take much time for the decomposition of the plants.
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