Farming of Sarpagandha: Prepare the farm in this way, there will be more profit

Author : Dr. Pramod Murari

Sarpagandha is an important and medicinal plant rich in properties. It is a perennial crop. Medicines are prepared from this to get rid of diseases like insomnia, mania, mental stress, high blood pressure, stomach worms, hysteria, etc. These days, due to the increase in the demand for Ayurvedic and herbal medicines, the demand for Sarpagandha has also increased. Let us get detailed information on the cultivation of Sarpagandha.

Suitable soil and climate for the cultivation of Sarpagandha

  • It can be cultivated in sandy loam soil, loamy soil and heavy soil also.

  • The soil should contain sufficient amount of organic matter.

  • pH of soil The level should not exceed 8.5.

  • Sarpagandha can be cultivated in different climates.

  • Hot and humid climate is suitable for good yield.

  • It can be cultivated successfully in about 10 to 38 degree centigrade temperature.

farm preparation method

  • To prepare the field, first do deep plowing once.

  • After deep plowing, add 4-5 tonnes of decomposed cow dung per acre of land.

  • After this, do light plowing in the field 2 to 3 times and apply pata.

  • After that prepare the beds in the field. This facilitates irrigation and weed control.

  • Keep a distance of 60 cm between all the beds.

  • At the time of transplanting plants in the main field, keep a distance of 30 cm between all the plants.

Plant irrigation and weed control

  • Its plants do not require much irrigation.

  • Irrigate at an interval of 20 to 25 days during summer season.

  • Irrigate as per requirement in cold weather.

  • Irrigation is not required when it rains.

  • Do not let the soil lack moisture. Yields also decrease due to lack of moisture.

  • Control of weeds is very important for healthy plants and high yields.

  • Do the first weeding 15 to 20 days after transplanting the plants.

  • After this, keep weeding and hoeing according to the need with the help of a hoe.

What to do to get seeds and roots?

  • To get root: If Sarpagandha is being cultivated for getting root, then pluck the flowers in the plants and separate them. Seeds are made from flowers. Seed production reduces the yield of roots.

  • To obtain seeds: Stop plucking the flowers of some plants to obtain seeds. Harvest when the seeds are ripe. The seeds are not ready by ripening together. The seeds are purple in color when ripe. Inside the seed is a black anus. Clean the ripe seed thoroughly with water, separate the anus and dry it in the shade.

Harvesting and Yield

  • The crop is ready for digging after 2 to 3 years of planting.

  • It should be excavated during the winter season.

  • Generally, the harvesting of the crop is done in the month of December. At this time the leaves are also less in the plants. Its roots are quite deep, so dig carefully.

  • About 7 to 8 quintals of dry roots can be obtained per acre of land.

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We hope this information will prove to be important for you. If you liked this information, then like this post and also share it with other farmers. So that other farmer friends can also take advantage of this information. Ask us your questions related to this through comments.

21 September 2021


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