India is the second largest cotton producing country in the world. Long fiber cotton varieties are the best, whose length is about 5 cm. On the other hand, varieties with a fiber length of 3.5 to 5 cm are included in the blended cotton and varieties with 3.5 cm of Malni fiber are included in the short varieties. Cotton, being a cash crop, is also called white gold. Let us get some important information related to sowing before its cultivation.
Cotton is cultivated through seed.
Before sowing, treat the seed with 2.5 gm Carbendazim or Captan per kg of seed.
Use Trichoderma or Pseudomonas for seed treatment by biological method.
The nursery is prepared before transplanting the plants in the main field.
The seeds should be sown before the start of the rainy season. Avoid irrigation immediately after sowing.
If you are cultivating Bt cotton, then keep a distance of 108 cm between the beds and 60 cm between plant to plant.
For cultivating American varieties of cotton, the distance between the beds should be 60 cm and the distance from plant to plant is 45 cm.
For cultivating native varieties, the bed-to-bed distance of 45 cm and plant-to-plant distance should be 30 cm.
Irrigation must be done 5 to 6 days after sowing.
Irrigate about 20 to 30 days after seed germination.
If cotton is being cultivated in dry areas, then irrigate with drip method for 2 hours every day for 5 days after sowing.
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