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Before cultivating mushroom, know its different varieties and characteristics

Before cultivating mushroom, know its different varieties and characteristics

लेखक - Soumya Priyam | 25/3/2021

Many varieties of mushrooms are found. Out of which about 70 farmers are cultivated. In our country too, farmers are getting attracted towards mushroom cultivation. If you also want to do mushroom cultivation, then get information about some of the major varieties cultivated in India and their characteristics from here.

Some Major Varieties of Mushrooms

  • Button Mushroom: It is mainly cultivated in our country. Until a few years ago, it was cultivated only in regions with cooler temperatures. But now it is also cultivated in the plains. In the plains, it is cultivated by preparing the proper temperature in the greenhouse. The temperature of 22 to 26 degree centigrade is required for the fungus to spread. 14 to 18 degree centigrade temperature is most suitable for the growth of button mushroom.

  • Oyster mushroom: This variety is also known as Dhingri mushroom. This type of mushroom takes 2.5 to 3 months to mature. This variety is cultivated using wheat and paddy straw and grains. 20 to 30 degree centigrade temperature is suitable for oyster mushroom. Along with this, 70 to 90 percent humidity is required. It can be cultivated throughout the year.

  • Milky Mushrooms: Milky Mushrooms are large and attractive in size. It is mainly cultivated in West Bengal, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. The time from March to October is best for the cultivation of this variety of mushroom.

  • Pedistra Mushroom: Higher temperature is better for cultivation of this variety. It takes 3 to 4 weeks for the mushrooms to be ready. It is mainly cultivated in the states of Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, etc. Its growth requires 28 to 35 degree centigrade temperature and 60 to 70 percent humidity.

  • Shiitake Mushroom: This variety is ranked second in total mushroom production in the world. It is more delicious than other varieties. It is a good source of protein and B vitamins. Due to the absence of fat and sugar, it is suitable for people suffering from diabetes and heart disease.

Read also:

  • Get some essential information related to mushroom cultivation from here.

We hope this information will prove to be important for you. If you liked this information, then like this post and also share it with other farmers. So that other farmer friends can also earn good profits through mushroom cultivation. Ask us your questions related to mushroom cultivation through comments.

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